50 Things You Can Do To Protect Your Home
No Cost (Just A Little Time)
- Perform a FIREWISE assessment of your home
- Move your firewood pile out of your home's defensible space.
- Clean your roof and gutters of leaves and pine needles (best done in October).
- Clear the view of your house number so it can be easily seen from the street.
- Put a hose (at least 100' long) on a rack and attach it to an outside faucet.
- Trim all tree branches if they overhang your house.
- Trim all tree branches from within 20' of all chimneys.
- Remove trees along the driveway to make it 12' wide.
- Prune branches overhanging the driveway to have 14' overhead clearance,
- Maintain a green lawn for 30' around your home. If new homes are still
being built in your area, talk to the developer and local zoning officials
about building standards.
- Plan and discuss an escape plan with your family. Include your pets. Have
a practice drill.
- Get involved with your community's disaster mitigation plans.
- Check your fire extinguishers. Are they still charged? Are they easy to
get to in an emergency? Does everyone in the family know where they are and
how to use them?
- Clear deadwood and dense flammable vegetation from your home's defensible
- Remove conifer shrubs from your home's defensible space especially if your
home is in a high-risk area.
- Review your homeowner's insurance policy for adequate coverage. Consult
you insurance agent about costs of rebuilding and repairs in your area.
- Talk to you children about not starting fires or playing with matches.
- Compost leaves in the fall, don't burn them.
- If you burn your brush piles or grass in the spring, get a, burning permit.
- Always have a shovel on hand and hook up the garden hose BEFORE you start
- Never burn if the smoke and flames are blowing towards your home (or your
Minimal Cost Actions ($10 - $25 and a little time)
- Install highly visible house numbers (at least 4" tall) on your home.
- Install big, highly visible house numbers (at least 4" tall) at the
entrance of the driveway onto the street. Use non-flammable materials and
- Install metal screens on all attic, foundation, other openings on your
home to prevent accumulation of leaves and needles.
- Hold a neighborhood meeting to talk about fire safety. Invite your local
fire chief. Have coffee and donuts for neighbors.
- Install a fire extinguisher in the kitchen AND the garage.
- Install a metal shield between your home and an attached wood fence.
- Replace conifer and evergreen shrubs with low-flammable plants in your
home's defensible space.
- Thin and prune conifer trees for 30' to 100' around your home.
- Purchase and use a NOAA weather alert radio. Many types of emergencies
are announced through this service.
- Replace vinyl gutters and downspouts with non-flammable, metal gutters
- Install a spark arrester or heavy wire screen with opening less than 1/2" on
wood burning fireplaces and chimneys.
Moderate Cost Actions ($50 - $250 and a little more work)
- Build a gravel turn around area near your house big enough to allow a fire
truck to turn around.
- Join your neighbors in having an additional access road into your neighborhood.
Share the costs.
- Treat flammable materials like wood roofs, decks, and siding with fire
- Modify driveway gates to accommodate fire trucks. They should be at least
10' wide and set back at least 30' from the road. If locked, use a key box
approved by your local fire department or use or a chain loop with the lock
that can be cut in an emergency.
- Enclose decks to prevent accumulation of leaves, needles, and debris. Include
a metal screen with a 1/8" mesh opening to prevent sparks from getting
under the deck.
High Cost Actions (more than $500)
- Replace your roof with fire-resistant materials such as Class A shingles.
- Install a roof irrigation system to protect your home's roof.
- Install an independent water supply for a sprinkler system with a non-electric
(e.g. propane) powered pump capable of running unattended for 24 hours.
- Replace wood or vinyl siding with non-flammable material.
- Replace single-pane glass windows and plastic skylights with tempered,
- Box in eaves, fascias, and soffits with aluminum or steel materials with
metal screens to prevent entry of sparks.
- Improve driveway culverts and bridges to accommodate the weight of a fire
- Relocate propane tanks inside the defensible space but at least 10' from
the house. Have non-flammable ground cover such as gravel around them for
- Have electric service lines to your house placed underground.
- Improve your driveway by straightening sharp curves and filling in sharp
dips that would hinder a fire truck.
Be A Firewise Advocate
Talk to your neighbors about wildfire safety. Discuss how your neighborhood
can work together to prevent a wildfire disaster.
The Virginia Department of Forestry is working in cooperation with your local
Fire Department and other community partners to identify areas at risk to wildfire
and develop strategies to reduce this risk.
Last modified: Tuesday, 25-Nov-2014 12:16:25 EST