First Mountain State Forest



First Mountain State Forest covers 573.4 acres in Rockingham County. Management focuses on demonstration of scientific forest management, applied forest research, wildlife habitat diversity, watershed protection, development of diverse timber stands that support biological diversity, and opportunities for passive outdoor recreation.

The property contains more than 4 miles of frontage on at least eight perennial and intermittent streams, including Snag Run and a portion of Boone Run, which empty into the South Fork Shenandoah River. The upper reaches of Boone Run are a designated Class II wild trout stream, and the Virginia Fish and Wildlife Information Service indicates that brook trout are present there.

George Washington and Jefferson National Forest adjoins the state forest to the northwest.

×To ensure your safety and enjoyment, please read Before You Visit when planning your trip to a state forest.

At a Glance

Access Status: Open to the Public
Hours: Open daily from dawn until dusk

Physical Address:
38.432452, -78.676268
Located approximately 4.4 miles northwest of Elkton in Rockingham County, on the northwest side of Bryant Hollow Road.

Parking/Access: Access from Bryant Hollow Road
Limited parking available in a small parking area at the entrance on Bryant Hollow Road

Restroom Facilities: None

Visitors are asked to adopt a “leave-no-trace” ethic when visiting the forest, as there are no restrooms or trash cans on the forest itself. ​ ​

Other Facilities: None
Seasonal Closures: None

VDOF recommends that all forest visitors wear blaze orange or pink during hunting seasons.

Forest History

The property was purchased in 2019 from the Dofflemyer family through funding from the Dupont natural resources damages and restoration settlement and was identified as a land protection project. Originally part of Boones Run Farm, the property was in the Dofflemyer family for multiple generations and was a well-managed tree farm.

Forest Management

Mixed hardwood and pine stands are managed to achieve multiple-use benefits, including demonstration of silvicultural treatments, forest research, forest health, enhanced wildlife management, recreation, environmental education, improved water quality, and timber production.

Recreational Opportunities

Recreational uses of First Mountain Forest include hiking, biking, limited hunting, and wildlife watching. Hiking is the most common recreational use with many visitors.

Visitors are asked to adopt a “leave-no-trace” ethic when visiting the forest, as there are no restrooms or trash cans on the forest itself.

ATV/ORV use, camping, and swimming are prohibited on all State Forests.

A State Forest Use Permit* is required for individuals aged 16 and older to hunt, fish, trap, horseback ride, or mountain bike on state forest lands. The permit can be purchased online at or where hunting licenses are sold.

Trails and Roads

  • 6 miles of gated forest roads – no vehicles (2 miles improved road, 4 miles unimproved road)
  • No developed trails on the forest


Hiking is permitted on all forest roads.

Mountain Biking

Mountain biking is permitted on all forest roads.

Horseback Riding


Fishing and Boating


Hunting and Trapping

Archery and black powder hunting are permitted with a valid State Forest Use Permit and valid hunting license in accordance with state regulations. Note that some regulations may be different than on private land, so check Virginia Department of Wildlife Resources Hunting Regulations for specific state forest details.

Other Recreational Opportunities

Passive recreational opportunities, such as wildlife watching and nature photography, are available.

Educational Opportunities
  • Self-learning opportunities are available.

Explore tree and wildlife identification, study rock formations, or simply observe nature. The forest demonstrates forest management, harvesting techniques, and best management practices to landowners, loggers, and industry professionals.

Local schools can use the state forest for educational purposes.

Contact Us

For more information or questions, e-mail us or use our contact form.

State Forest Main Office
Located at Cumberland State Forest
751 Oak Hill Road, Cumberland, VA 23040-2511
E-mail | (804) 492-4121

Maps and Additional Resources
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