Forest Management and Health

Healthy, well-managed forests are essential to our economy and provide benefits to people and wildlife in Virginia. The Virginia Department of Forestry (VDOF) works with partners and private landowners throughout the state to develop, conserve, and protect sustainable forest resources.

VDOF field staff across the Commonwealth serve as trusted advisors to landowners and help them achieve their property goals. By providing technical assistance and developing management plans, field staff assist landowners in managing their forestland for forest products, water quality, historic resources, and wildlife habitat.

VDOF works diligently to conserve and restore forestland (and the waters that flow from them) for current and future generations. Through cost-share incentives and the landmark Reforestation of Timberlands  (RT) Program, the agency helps landowners to sustainably manage their forest resources and reforest their land after harvests.

In response to increasing forestland conversion and fragmentation, the Forestland Conservation program was established to help keep Virginia’s forest intact and in forest. The program supports this objective through conservation easements and acquisitions, intergenerational land planning outreach, and acknowledgement programs for forestland owners.

The Forest Health program aims to protect and improve Virginia’s forest resource through prevention and detection of major forest pests, pathogens, non-native invasive plants, and other disturbances. Through surveys, monitoring, and data collection, VDOF is able to make recommendations and decisions to land managers based on unbiased scientific data. Forest health staff and partners provide technical assistance, training, and outreach to the forestry community regarding pest identification and forest health concerns.

VDOF has been growing seedlings for Virginia landowners for more than 100 years. The agency operates two  seedling nurseries which grow seedlings for reforestation, riparian plantings, and more. When you put your money in the ground in the form of seedlings, you need to start with the best stock available; stock suited for Virginia soils and climate.



Forest Management and Health Resources

Explore our library to view additional information and learn more. Click on the category, tag, or media dropdown lists, or enter a keyword in the search box to filter the library list to find more specific information.

ImageTitleIDDescriptionContent Typehf:tax:document-categoryhf:tax:document-tagshf:tax:Media
A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern Forests
A Management Guide for Invasive Plants in Southern ForestsSRS-131

Invasions of nonnative plants into forests of the Southern United States continue to spread and include new species, increasingly eroding forest productivity, hindering forest use and management activities, and degrading diversity and wildlife habitat. This book provides the latest information on how to organize and enact prevention programs, build strategies, implement integrated procedures for management, and proceed towards site rehabilitation and restoration. Effective control prescriptions are provided for 56 nonnative plants and groups currently invading the forests of the 13 Southern States. A companion book, “A Field Guide for the Identification of Invasive Plants in Southern Forests,” (Miller and others 2010) includes information and images for accurate identification of these invasive plants.

Viewforest-healthinvasive-species invasive-species-controlpublication
Acorn and Nut Identification Guide
Acorn and Nut Identification GuideFT0060

Forestry topic information sheet helps in identifying the most common acorns and nuts in Virginia to assist in the collection for our nursery.

Vieweducation nurseries public-informationacorns-nuts forestry-topics tree-idpublication
Ailanthus Control Methods
Ailanthus Control MethodsFT0055

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about the invasive species Ailanthus and possible methods for removing or controlling Ailanthus, including manual as well as chemical methods such as foliar spray, stem injection or basal spray.

Viewforest-healthforestry-topics invasive-species invasive-species-control tree-of-heavenpublication
Alternate Management Plan
Alternate Management Plan7.06Viewforest-managementforest-planningform
Alternate Management Plan Supplement For… (Transfer)
Alternate Management Plan Supplement For… (Transfer)7.07Viewforest-managementforest-planningform
America's Longleaf Restoration Initiative 2020 Range-Wide Accomplishment
America’s Longleaf Restoration Initiative 2020 Range-Wide Accomplishment

VDOF is part of the Longleaf Cooperators of Virginia working together to conserve and restore longleaf pine in its native range of southeast United States. Report summarizes the 2020 range-wide accomplishments of America’s Longleaf Restoration Initiative.

Viewforest-management research-resource-information resource-informationdiminished-species longleaf-pine lpr-programpublication
Ash Tree Management - Dealing with the Emerald Ash Borer Invasion
Ash Tree Management – Dealing with the Emerald Ash Borer InvasionFT0035

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about managing your ash trees during a time when the emerald ash borer is invading, including options for your property and possible biological controls being used.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health financial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry forest-health urban-and-community-forestryemerald-ash-borer eabt-program forestry-topics landowner-resourcespublication
Basic Tree Identification
Basic Tree Identification

By Ellen Powell, Conservation Education Coordinator – Presentation reviews the basics of tree identification.

Vieweducation forest-management public-information training human-resourcestree-idpresentation
Beech Leaf Disease
Beech Leaf DiseaseR9–PR–001–21

USDA Forest Service Pest Alert publication about beech leaf disease discusses identification and description, range, and management.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts tree-healthpublication
Best Practices for Establishing Eastern White Pine - Based Upon Years of Research
Best Practices for Establishing Eastern White Pine – Based Upon Years of ResearchFT0023

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about best practices to be used in establishing Eastern white pine to encourage the best possible survival.

Viewforest-managementforestry-topics landowner-resources planting-practices reforestation tree-planting white-pinepublication
Biology, Ecology, and Management of Laurel Wilt Disease and the Redbay Ambrosia Beetle
Biology, Ecology, and Management of Laurel Wilt Disease and the Redbay Ambrosia BeetleSREF-FH-006

Southern Regional Extension Forestry Forest Health publication discusses in depth the current distribution, plant hosts, beetle identification, symptoms, disease cycle, impacts, and management of laurel wilt.

Viewforest-healthlaurel-wiltpublication
Brush Piles for Wildlife
Brush Piles for WildlifeP00201

Brochure educates landowners about an excellent alternative to burning brush on his or her property, including where to build a brush pile, building a brush pile, and maintenance. Printed copies available.

Viewfire-and-emergency-response forest-managementburning landowner-resources wildfire-prevention wildlife wildlife-habitatpublication
Century Forest Application
Century Forest Application10.03

Application to apply for the recognition in the Century Forest Program.

Viewforestland-conservationcentury-forest-program conservation forest-planning land-planningform
Common Pests of Oaks in Virginia
Common Pests of Oaks in VirginiaFT0059

Forestry topic information sheet discusses the most common pests and diseases affecting oak trees in Virginia.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forestry-topics insects oak oak-declinepublication
Conservation Easements
Conservation EasementsP00203

Brochure defines conservation easements and provides information about VDOF conservation easements, such as easement requirements, property criteria, benefits of an easement and donating an easement. Printed copies available.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation-easementspublication
Control and Utilization of Tree-of-Heaven: A Guide for Virginia Landowners
Control and Utilization of Tree-of-Heaven: A Guide for Virginia LandownersP00144

Publication provides landowners comprehensive insight to this invasive species, including biology and life cycle, control and elimination methods, utilization of ailanthus, and other resources available. Printed copies available.

Viewforest-healthinvasive-species invasive-species-control landowner-resources tree-of-heavenpublication
Cost-Share/AMP Project Amendment
Cost-Share/AMP Project Amendment3.11Viewfinance financial-assistance-forest-management financial-assistance financial-assistance-water-quality financial-assistance-forest-health forest-health forest-management water-qualitycost-share-programs eabt-program grant-programs lpfct-program lpr-program pct-program rt-programform
Crop Tree Release Improves Competitiveness of Northern Red Oak Growing in Association with Black Cherry
Crop Tree Release Improves Competitiveness of Northern Red Oak Growing in Association with Black CherryNJAF 23(2)

In 1993, a crop tree study was established in a pole-sized stand consisting of black cherry (Prunus serotina Ehrh.) and northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.). Ten-year mean height growth of northern red oak exceeded that of released black cherry, but not that of unreleased black cherry crop trees. Crown expansion and diameter at breast height (dbh) growth also increased as a result of crop tree release for both species, but black cherry clear stem development was suppressed. Based on increment core analysis, dbh growth of released northern red oak crop trees in 2003 was about twice that of unreleased northern red oak, although black cherry treatment related differences in radial growth were no longer present. Ten years after crop tree release, northern red oak crown class distribution improved and black cherry crown class distribution was unchanged. These results suggest crop tree management will improve northern red oak competitiveness in pole-sized stands when growing in association with black cherry and, perhaps, other fast growing species. By Thomas M. Schuler.

Viewforest-managementblack-cherry hardwood-management hardwood-silviculture oakpublication
Don't Move Firewood
Don’t Move FirewoodP00135

Brochure advises citizens to leave their firewood at home, explaining the danger of spreading tree-destroying insects and diseases. Printed copies available.

Viewforest-healthdiseases firewood insects landowner-resourcespublication
Don't Move Firewood - Spanish - No Transport Lena
Don’t Move Firewood – Spanish – No Transport LenaP00136

Brochure advises citizens to leave their firewood at home, explaining the danger of spreading tree-destroying insects and diseases. Printed copies available.

Viewforest-healthdiseases firewood insects landowner-resources spanishpublication
Don't Move Firewood Flyer
Don’t Move Firewood Flyer426-106

Flyer advises citizens to leave their firewood at home, explaining the danger of spreading tree-destroying insects and diseases. Printed copies available.

Viewforest-healthdiseases firewood insects landowner-resourcespublication
Effect of Thinning on Height and Diameter Growth of Oak and Yellow-Poplar Saplings
Effect of Thinning on Height and Diameter Growth of Oak and Yellow-Poplar SaplingsNE-173

Studying the response to thinning of a 7- to 9-year-old upland hardwood sapling stand, we found that height growth of yellow-poplar and oak trees was markedly reduced by heavy thinning. This suggests that stand density should be carefully controlled to achieve maximum benefit from thinnings in very young stands. By Rufus H. Allen, Jr. and David A. Marquis.

Viewforest-managementhardwood-management hardwood-silviculture oak yellow-poplarpublication
Emerald Ash Borer Cost-Share Program - Cost Assistance for Protecting Ash Trees
Emerald Ash Borer Cost-Share Program – Cost Assistance for Protecting Ash TreesFT0032

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about the Emerald Ash Borer Cost-Share Program for protecting ash trees, including the requirements and treatments covered by the program.

Viewfinancial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry financial-assistance-forest-health forest-health urban-and-community-forestryemerald-ash-borer eabt-program forestry-topicspublication
Emerald Ash Borer in Virginia
Emerald Ash Borer in Virginia

Information about emerald ash borer in Virginia.

Viewforest-healthemerald-ash-borer insectsstorymap
Emerald Ash Borer Program
Emerald Ash Borer Program

Learn more about the ash treatment financial assistance program and to see the work that has been done so far.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health financial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry forest-health urban-and-community-forestryemerald-ash-borer eabt-program insectsstorymap
Emerald Ash Borer Program Application Process and Information
Emerald Ash Borer Program Application Process and Information

Document provides guidance through the application process for the Emerald Ash Borer Program offering financial assistance for treating ash trees.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health financial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry forest-health urban-and-community-forestrycost-share-programs emerald-ash-borer eabt-programdocument
Emerald Ash Borer Program Cost-Share Application
Emerald Ash Borer Program Cost-Share Application6.05Viewfinancial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry financial-assistance-forest-health forest-health urban-and-community-forestrycost-share-programs emerald-ash-borer eabt-programform
Emerald Ash Borer Program Cost-Share Application - Supplement
Emerald Ash Borer Program Cost-Share Application – Supplement6.05-SViewfinancial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry financial-assistance-forest-health forest-health urban-and-community-forestrycost-share-programs emerald-ash-borer eabt-programform
Environmental Quality Incentives Cost-Share Program - Project Success Stories
Environmental Quality Incentives Cost-Share Program – Project Success StoriesFT0009

Forestry topic information sheet provides “success stories” portraying real-life experiences of Virginia forest landowners who have used Environmental Quality Incentives Program (EQIP) cost-share assistance to accomplish sustainable forest management activities. The EQIP program can improve a forest landowner’s “return on investment” by covering a percent of the costs associated with sustainably managing forest stands – planting trees, controlling invasive plant species and improving wildlife habitat. Printed copies available.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-management forest-managementcost-share-programs environmental-quality-incentives-program forestry-topics tree-planting wildlife-habitatpublication
Evaluating Initial Responses of Natural and Underplanted Oak Reproduction and a Shade-Tolerant Competitor to Midstory Removal
Evaluating Initial Responses of Natural and Underplanted Oak Reproduction and a Shade-Tolerant Competitor to Midstory Removal

This study describes growth 6 years after mid-story removal of planted and natural black oak, northern red oak, and white oak, and natural red maple competition. Article by Jared M. Craig, John M. Lhotka, Jeffrey W. Stringer, Society of American Foresters. Forest Science, Volume 60, Issue 6, December 2014, Pages 1164–1171.

Viewforest-management research-resource-information resource-informationhardwood-habitat-incentive-program hardwood-management hardwood-silviculturepublication
Facts About Low-Density Plantings of Loblolly Pine - Advantages of Planting Fewer Trees Per Acre
Facts About Low-Density Plantings of Loblolly Pine – Advantages of Planting Fewer Trees Per AcreFT0003

Forestry topic information sheet provides guidance to landowners about low-density planting for loblolly pine, including forest health, thinnings, wood quality, and return on investment.

Viewforest-managementforestry-topics landowner-resources reforestation tree-plantingpublication
Farm Life 360
Farm Life 360

Video provides a 360° forestry experience on a timber harvest. Read the Fact Sheet or do the Activity Suggestion: Create a Tree.

Vieweducation forest-management water-quality public-informationkids-resources timber-harvestingvideo
Forest Health Review 2005-09
Forest Health Review 2005-09No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2006-04
Forest Health Review 2006-04No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2006-11
Forest Health Review 2006-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2007-05
Forest Health Review 2007-05No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2007-11
Forest Health Review 2007-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2008-05
Forest Health Review 2008-05No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2008-11
Forest Health Review 2008-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2009-05
Forest Health Review 2009-05No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2009-11
Forest Health Review 2009-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2010-05
Forest Health Review 2010-05No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2010-11
Forest Health Review 2010-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2011-05
Forest Health Review 2011-05No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2011-11
Forest Health Review 2011-11No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2012-07
Forest Health Review 2012-07No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2013-01
Forest Health Review 2013-01No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2014-02
Forest Health Review 2014-02No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2014-12
Forest Health Review 2014-12No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2016-02
Forest Health Review 2016-02No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2017-01
Forest Health Review 2017-01No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2018-01
Forest Health Review 2018-01No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2019-01
Forest Health Review 2019-01No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2020-01
Forest Health Review 2020-01No #

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown marmorated stink bug, spotted lanternfly, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2021-01
Forest Health Review 2021-01

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown periodical cicadas, spotted lanternfly, Asian longhorned beetle, fall cankerworm, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Health Review 2021-12
Forest Health Review 2021-12

Report provides an update on current forest health issues, such as weather impact, pine bark beetles, gypsy moth, emerald ash borer, hemlock woolly adelgid, brown periodical cicadas, spotted lanternfly, Asian longhorned beetle, fall cankerworm, and more.

Viewforest-healthdiseases forest-health-impacts insectspublication
Forest Legacy Program
Forest Legacy ProgramP00200

Brochure provides information regarding the Forest Legacy Program available to landowners for conserving their forestland, including program overview, public purposes, methods of acquisition, application process, and program requirements. Printed copies available.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation forest-legacy forest-legacy-programpublication
Forest Management Services Agreement
Forest Management Services Agreement7.01Viewforest-managementagency-services forest-planningform
Forest Ownership in Virginia (Pie Chart)
Forest Ownership in Virginia (Pie Chart)

Pie chart shows the major forest ownership types in Virginia.

Viewforest-inventory-analysis forest-management resource-informationgraphicsresource
Forest Stewardship Program Application
Forest Stewardship Program Application7.10Viewforest-managementforest-planning stewardshipform
Forest Types in Virginia (Pie Chart)
Forest Types in Virginia (Pie Chart)

Pie chart shows the major forest types in Virginia.

Viewforest-inventory-analysis forest-management resource-informationgraphicsresource
Forestland Conservation Review 2013-04
Forestland Conservation Review 2013-04P00210

Report provides an update on current forest conservation topics in the Commonwealth, such as Forest Legacy Program, VDOF conservation easements, Virginia Grown program and more.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements generation-nextpublication
Forestland Conservation Review 2013-12
Forestland Conservation Review 2013-12P00210

Report provides an update on current forest conservation topics in the Commonwealth, such as Forest Legacy Program, VDOF conservation easements, Virginia Grown program and more.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements generation-nextpublication
Forestland Conservation Review 2014-10
Forestland Conservation Review 2014-10P00210

Report provides an update on current forest conservation topics in the Commonwealth, such as Forest Legacy Program, VDOF conservation easements, Virginia Grown program and more.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements generation-nextpublication
Forestland Conservation Review 2021-11
Forestland Conservation Review 2021-11P00210

Report provides an update on current forest conservation topics in the Commonwealth, VDOF conservation easements,  Generation Next planning, and more.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements generation-nextpublication
Forestry Cost-Share or Grant Program Certification of Work Completed
Forestry Cost-Share or Grant Program Certification of Work Completed3.09Viewfinance financial-assistance-forest-health financial-assistance-forest-management financial-assistance financial-assistance-water-quality forest-health forest-management water-qualitycost-share-programs grant-programs lpfct-program lpr-program pct-programform
Forestry Grants System Access Portal User Guide for Forest Sustainability Fund
Forestry Grants System Access Portal User Guide for Forest Sustainability Fund

User guide provides instructions for local governments to access the Forestry Grants System Access Portal to apply for funding from the Forest Sustainability Fund.

Viewfinance financial-assistance-forest-management financial-assistance forest-managementcommunity-assistance forest-sustainability-fund grant-programsdocument
Forests: Providers of Ecosystem Services
Forests: Providers of Ecosystem ServicesP00142

Brochure provides insight into the other ecosystem benefits that forests provide, such as carbon sequestration, water quality, wetland and species mitigation banking. Printed copies available.

Viewforestland-conservationconservation ecosystem-services tree-benefitspublication
From the Brink! The Effort to Restore Virginia's Native Longleaf Pine - 2014 Status Report
From the Brink! The Effort to Restore Virginia’s Native Longleaf Pine – 2014 Status ReportP00212

Report provides a brief history of longleaf pine in Virginia, the original range of longleaf pine, longleaf and fire, the search for native longleaf pine, the case for conserving and restoring Virginia’s longleaf pine, the importance of Northern-source seedlings for longleaf pine restoration, seed collection and seedling production, orchard development, where we are restoring longleaf pine, special programs available to promote the restoration effort, and future goals and challenges. Printed copies available.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health forest-healthdiminished-species longleaf-pine lpr-program species-restorationpublication
Growing Loblolly Pine for Profit - Productivity and Financial Implications of Three Pine Competition Control Prescriptions
Growing Loblolly Pine for Profit – Productivity and Financial Implications of Three Pine Competition Control PrescriptionsFT0033

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about growing pine trees for profit based on research, comparing three possible competition control scenarios, resulting volume growth, financial projections and the timing of the practices.

Viewforest-managementforest-economics forestry-topics landowner-resources pine-management reforestationpublication
Gypsy Moth (Spongy Moth) Management for Homeowners on Small Properties
Gypsy Moth (Spongy Moth) Management for Homeowners on Small Properties

This factsheet details the life cycle and biology of the spongy moth.

Viewforest-healthinsects spongy-mothresource
Hardwood Planting Guide
Hardwood Planting GuideP00137

Brochure illustrates and explains proper planting techniques for planting bare-root hardwood seedlings. Printed copies available.

Viewnurserieshardwood-management homeowner-assistance landowner-resources reforestation seedling-nurseries tree-plantingpublication
Hardwood Planting Quality Field Tally Sheet
Hardwood Planting Quality Field Tally Sheet7.14Viewforest-managementplanting-qualityform
Hardwood Reinspection Field Tally Sheet
Hardwood Reinspection Field Tally Sheet84Viewforest-managementplanting-qualityform
Impact of Planting Treatments on Eastern White Pine Seedling Survival and Growth at the Matthews State Forest in Grayson County, Virginia
Impact of Planting Treatments on Eastern White Pine Seedling Survival and Growth at the Matthews State Forest in Grayson County, VirginiaCNRE-137NP

As part of an undergraduate research project, two Virginia Tech students collected data in a white pine seedling survival study to determine which planting treatments had the best survival and growth rates. The test plot was located on the Matthews State Forest in Grayson County, Virginia. This report summarizes the findings of this case study.

Viewforest-management research-resource-information state-forests resource-informationmatthews-sf white-pinepublication
Insecticide Options for Protecting Ash Trees from Emerald Ash Borer
Insecticide Options for Protecting Ash Trees from Emerald Ash Borer

Learn more about all treatment options available for ash trees with this multi-state emerald ash borer insecticide fact sheet.

Viewforest-healthemerald-ash-borer insectspublication
Intensity of Precommercial Crop-Tree Release Increases Diameter and Crown Growth in Upland Hardwoods
Intensity of Precommercial Crop-Tree Release Increases Diameter and Crown Growth in Upland HardwoodsNE-197

In 1988, seven study areas were established in Connecticut to examine the effects of precommercial crop tree release on bole and crown growth. Relative to unreleased trees, 4-yr diameter growth of northern red oak increased by 86%, black/scarlet oak by 65%, red maple by 56%, and black birch by 52%. Release slowed height growth of dominant and codominant oaks for only the first 2 yr. In sapling stands with few oaks in upper canopy positions, precommercial release could be used to augment oak density. Survival and diameter growth of oaks in the intermediate and suppressed crown classes increased with release intensity. Release also increased height growth of northern red oak in the suppressed crown classes. By Jeffrey S. Ward.

Viewforest-managementhardwood-management hardwood-silviculturepublication
Invasive Plants - Help Stop the Spread
Invasive Plants – Help Stop the SpreadP00216

Brochure educates citizens about invasive plants, including what makes an plant invasive, the problems they cause, characteristics, and how to stop the spread of invasive plants. Printed copies available.

Viewforest-healthinvasive-species invasive-species-identification landowner-resourcespublication
James River Buffer Program - Growing Forests for Clean Water
James River Buffer Program – Growing Forests for Clean Water

Information sheet provides an overview of this joint program (James River Association and Virginia Department of Forestry) offering financial assistance for creating forest buffers across the Middle James Watershed.

Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-management financial-assistance-water-quality forest-management water-qualityjames-river-buffer-programdocument
James River Buffer Program Agreement
James River Buffer Program Agreement7.26Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-management forest-managementcost-share-programs grant-programs james-river-buffer-programform
Landowner Options for Forestland Conservation
Landowner Options for Forestland ConservationP00146

Brochure provides information regarding options available to landowners for conserving their forestland, including use-value taxation, ag and forestal districts, riparian Buffer tax credit, cost-share assistance, conservation easements, purchase of development rights, grants for fee-simple acquisition and easements, and donations of property. Printed copies available.

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Landowner's Guide to Wildlife Abundance Through Forestry
Landowner’s Guide to Wildlife Abundance Through Forestry420-138

Virginia Cooperative Extension publication provides in-depth information about forestry practices for wildlife.

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Laurel Wilt
Laurel WiltR8-PR-01-19

USDA Forest Service Pest Alert publication about laurel wilt discusses symptoms, disease process, hosts, detection, and management.

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Laurel Wilt (Raffaelea lauricola and Xyleborus glabratus)
Laurel Wilt (Raffaelea lauricola and Xyleborus glabratus)

Don’t Move Firewood website provides additional information about laurel wilt and the redbay ambrosia beetle.

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Laurel Wilt Disease
Laurel Wilt DiseaseFT0056

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about laurel wilt disease – a threat to all species in the Laurel family. Information includes the hosts, signs and symptoms, and how to manage the disease.

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Legacy Planning Stories
Legacy Planning Stories

Stories about how landowners “like me” are ensuring the future of their land.

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Legacy Planning… A Guide for Virginia Landowners
Legacy Planning… A Guide for Virginia LandownersCNRE-121

A comprehensive guide to successful legacy planning for your forestland.

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Making Sense of the Genetics Market
Making Sense of the Genetics MarketViewforest-managementgeneticspublication
Mountains to Bay Buffer Program - Growing Forests for Clean Water
Mountains to Bay Buffer Program – Growing Forests for Clean Water

Information sheet provides an overview of this joint program (Chesapeake Bay Foundation and Virginia Department of Forestry) offering financial assistance for restoring or creating forest buffers across the Shenandoah Valley.

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Mountains-to-Bay Program Agreement
Mountains-to-Bay Program Agreement7.27Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-management forest-managementcost-share-programs grant-programsform
Multiple Landowners Supplement
Multiple Landowners Supplement3.10Viewfinance financial-assistance-forest-management financial-assistance financial-assistance-water-quality financial-assistance-forest-health forest-health forest-management water-qualitycost-share-programs eabt-program grant-programs lpfct-program lpr-program pct-program rt-programform
National Timber Tax Website
National Timber Tax Website

The National Timber Tax Website was developed to be used by timberland owners, as well as a reference for accountants, attorneys, consulting foresters and other professionals who work with timberland owners regarding the tax treatment of timber related activities.

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Non-Native Invasive Plant Species Control Treatments - Timing Methods and Herbicide Rates
Non-Native Invasive Plant Species Control Treatments – Timing Methods and Herbicide RatesFT0031

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about possible control treatments for some of Virginia’s most common non-native invasive plant species.

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NRCS Conservation Planning Activity (CPA 106) and Design and Implementation Activity (DIA 165) Application
NRCS Conservation Planning Activity (CPA 106) and Design and Implementation Activity (DIA 165) Application7.09Viewforest-managementconservation forest-planningform
Oak Decline in Virginia
Oak Decline in Virginia

This report provides an overview of oak decline and the factors that cause it.

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Open-Space Easement Application
Open-Space Easement Application10.01Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements easement-application forest-planning land-planningform
Open-Space Easement Landowner Checklist
Open-Space Easement Landowner Checklist10.02Viewforestland-conservationconservation conservation-easements easement-application forest-planning land-planningform
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Logger Incentive Cost-Share Application
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Logger Incentive Cost-Share Application6.03Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health forest-healthcost-share-programs lpfct-program logger-resources pine-bark-beetle southern-pine-beetleform
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Longleaf Pine Restoration Cost-Share Application
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Longleaf Pine Restoration Cost-Share Application6.01Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health forest-healthcost-share-programs lpr-program pine-bark-beetle pre-commercial-thinning southern-pine-beetle thinningform
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Pre-Commercial Thinning Cost-Share Application
Pine Bark Beetle Prevention Program Pre-Commercial Thinning Cost-Share Application6.02Viewfinancial-assistance-forest-health forest-healthcost-share-programs pine-bark-beetle pre-commercial-thinning pct-program southern-pine-beetle thinningform
Pine Planting Guide
Pine Planting GuideP00117

Brochure illustrates and explains proper planting techniques for planting bare-root pine seedlings. Printed copies available.

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Plan Your Forest's Future
Plan Your Forest’s FutureP00205

Brochure provides information regarding the responsibility of owning forestland and the importance of planning your forest’s future, conserving your forestland, forest planning options, types of plans, elements of a plan, and benefits of a plan. Printed copies available.

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Planting Instructions for Your Loblolly Pine Seedling Plug - Tips for Success
Planting Instructions for Your Loblolly Pine Seedling Plug – Tips for SuccessFT0030

Forestry topic information sheet provides instructions for proper planting of a loblolly pine seedling plug.

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Protect Your Pine Forest
Protect Your Pine ForestP00114

Brochure educates landowners on options available to help maintain healthy pine forests and prevent bark beetle damage including cost-sharing pre-commercial thinning and cost-sharing longleaf pine restoration. Printed copies available.

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Red Imported Fire Ant
Red Imported Fire Ant

Information about the red imported fire ant (RIFA).

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Reforestation of Timberlands Program - Cost Assistance for Growing Pines
Reforestation of Timberlands Program – Cost Assistance for Growing PinesFT0020

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about the Reforestation of Timberlands Program (RT Program), including an overview and information about the projects and payment rates for various covered activities.

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Reforestation Tree Seedling and Service Order
Reforestation Tree Seedling and Service Order12.01Viewnurseriesseedling-salesform
Reforesting Cutover Timberland - Pine… A Good Investment
Reforesting Cutover Timberland – Pine… A Good InvestmentFT0004

Forestry topic information sheet provides guidance to landowners about reforesting their cutover timberland, including planning, site preparation, planting, and checking survival. Printed copies available.

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Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification (Virginia Dept. of Accounts)
Request for Taxpayer Identification Number and Certification (Virginia Dept. of Accounts)W-9Viewfinance financial-assistance-forest-health financial-assistance-urban-and-community-forestry financial-assistance-water-quality financial-assistance-fire-and-emergency-response financial-assistance-forest-management fire-and-emergency-response forest-health forest-management urban-and-community-forestry water-qualitycost-share-programs eabt-program firewise-mitigation-program grant-programs lpfct-program lpr-program pct-program rt-program vfa-programform
Seedling Price Guide
Seedling Price GuideP00139

Brochure provides a simple listing of seedling species available for sale at our state Nurseries and current pricing. For more detailed species information, see our Web Store. Customers can order on-line at our Web Store or by mail with the included order form. Printed copies available.

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Seeking Acorns and Nuts to Grow Seedlings
Seeking Acorns and Nuts to Grow SeedlingsFT0011

Forestry topic information sheet encourages citizens to get involved in the collection of acorns and nuts for propagation at our nursery, including the species needed, how and when to collect, and where to deliver seed.

Viewnurseriesacorns-nuts forestry-topicspublication
Services for Landowners
Services for LandownersP00112

Brochure provides information about the services available to landowners from the Virginia Department of Forestry, including forest management and forest health, timber harvesting and water quality, land conservation, tree seedling production, and resource protection. Printed copies available.

Viewfire-and-emergency-response forest-health forest-management forestland-conservation nurseries urban-and-community-forestry water-qualityagency-services conservation forest-health-impacts forest-planning land-planning landowner-assistance seedling-nurseries timber-harvesting water-quality-laws water-quality-protection wildfire-prevention wildfire-suppressionpublication
Southern Pine Beetle
Southern Pine Beetle

Information about the southern pine beetle and the problems it can cause.

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Spotted Lanternfly in Virginia
Spotted Lanternfly in Virginia

Information on how to identify the spotted lanternfly or find additional resources are available on this Virginia Cooperative Extension website.

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Spotted Lanternfly Logger Self-Inspection Checklist - Slow the Spread!!!
Spotted Lanternfly Logger Self-Inspection Checklist – Slow the Spread!!!FT0050

Forestry topic information sheet provides a checklist for loggers to do a self-inspection for spotted lanternfly, including photos of what to be looking for.

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Tables For Measuring Timber
Tables For Measuring TimberP00058

Pocket card provides tables to assist in measuring and calculating timber volumes.

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Tax Tips for Forest Landowners for the 2021 Tax Year
Tax Tips for Forest Landowners for the 2021 Tax YearFS-1188

This USDA Forest Service publication provides tax tips intended to assist forest landowners and their tax advisors in preparing 2021 Federal income tax returns. It can also help plan for future years. This material is for information and educational use only and is not intended as financial, tax, or legal advice. Please consult with your tax advisor concerning your particular tax situation.

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The Value of Pine Production - An Analysis of Investment
The Value of Pine Production – An Analysis of InvestmentFT0021

Forestry topic information sheet discusses the value of producing pines, including starting with a plan, growing pines, pine as an investment, and getting started.

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Timber Sales
Timber SalesP00118

Brochure offers guidance to landowner’s considering selling the timber from their property, including planning for success, selling methods, forest law compliance, public forestry services, private forestry services, and timber sale contract provisions. Printed copies available.

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Timber Theft in VirginiaCNRE-117P

Publication by Virginia Cooperative Extension address timber theft in Virginia. Woodlands provide recreational opportunities, ecosystem services such as wildlife habitat and clean water, and can be an important source of income. Many landowners take careful steps to ensure that their property is managed to maximize these benefits. However, all of this work can be easily eradicated by one of Virginia’s most dreaded forest pests: timber thieves.

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Tree and Forest Health Guide
Tree and Forest Health GuideP00217

Book provides guidance about tree and forest health; conditions that are common or important enough in Virginia to gain frequent attention are covered. General guidelines are given for the diagnosis and treatment of biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) disturbances of forests and individual trees. Guide should not be used as a final reference, but rather a quick field guide and training tool.

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Tree and Forest Health Guide (2-page spread)
Tree and Forest Health Guide (2-page spread)P00217

Book provides guidance about tree and forest health; conditions that are common or important enough in Virginia to gain frequent attention are covered. General guidelines are given for the diagnosis and treatment of biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) disturbances of forests and individual trees. Guide should not be used as a final reference, but rather a quick field guide and training tool.

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Tree Seedling and Understory Plant Presence in Deer Exclosures on the Matthews State Forest
Tree Seedling and Understory Plant Presence in Deer Exclosures on the Matthews State ForestCNRE-138NP

The purpose of this case study was to determine the impact of deer on the composition of the herbaceous and regeneration layer in two stands in the Matthews State Forest. This report summarizes the findings of this case study.

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Tree Seedling Catalog Order
Tree Seedling Catalog Order12.02Viewnurseriesseedling-salesform
Valuing Virginia's Forests - Ecosystem Benefits Provided by Our Forests
Valuing Virginia’s Forests – Ecosystem Benefits Provided by Our ForestsFT0005

Forestry topic information sheet provides a brief overview of the indirect benefits, such as ecosystem services, that we derive from our forests. Printed copies available.

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VDOF Hardwood Sustainablity Strategy
VDOF Hardwood Sustainablity Strategy

Summary document of VDOF’s hardwood sustainability strategy, including a description of hardwood resources, concerns and issues, and strategies.

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Virginia Century Forest Program
Virginia Century Forest ProgramFT0029

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about the Virginia Century Forest Program, which recognizes those individuals and families who have made a long-term commitment to enhancing the environment and protecting the quality of life for their fellow Virginians through forestry. The Program honors families whose property has been in the same family for 100 years or more and includes at least 20 contiguous acres of managed forest.

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Virginia Cooperative Spongy Moth Suppression Program
Virginia Cooperative Spongy Moth Suppression Program

Publication provides information on the Spongy Moth Slow the Spread Program.

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Virginia Forest Cover Map
Virginia Forest Cover Map

Map shows the current forest cover in Virginia. Image file.

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Virginia Forest Land Assessment Map
Virginia Forest Land Assessment Map

Map shows seven of the most common land uses across Virginia. Image file.

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Virginia Forest Stewardship Management Plan Template
Virginia Forest Stewardship Management Plan Template

Standard template to be used as a base document with individual information modified as needed and general format and structure to remain consistent.

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Virginia Forest Stewardship Management Plan Template
Virginia Forest Stewardship Management Plan Template

Standard template to be used as a base document with individual information modified as needed and general format and structure to remain consistent. (Template .dotx file format). Use this file format if you’re having issues with the header on the docx file.

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Virginia Forest Stewardship Plan - Appendix
Virginia Forest Stewardship Plan – AppendixP00212

Appendix provides an excellent supplement to an individual landowner’s Forest Stewardship Plan. Subjects include land ownership, forest management, forest products marketing, water quality, forest health, fire, forests and wildlife, forest recreation, forest conservation, natural heritage and historic resources, taxes and financial assistance, forest stewardship program and certification, glossary, and contacts. Printed copies available with VDOF Stewardship Plan development services only.

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Virginia Forest Stewardship Plan - Appendix - Introduction Cover Letter
Virginia Forest Stewardship Plan – Appendix – Introduction Cover LetterP00212

Appendix provides an excellent supplement to an individual landowner’s Forest Stewardship Plan. Subjects include land ownership, forest management, forest products marketing, water quality, forest health, fire, forests and wildlife, forest recreation, forest conservation, natural heritage and historic resources, taxes and financial assistance, forest stewardship program and certification, glossary, and contacts. Printed copies available with VDOF Stewardship Plan development services only.

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Virginia Invasive Plant Species List
Virginia Invasive Plant Species List

The Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation maintains the invasive plant species list.

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Virginia's Best Genetics in Loblolly Pine - Loblolly Pine Crop Highlights
Virginia’s Best Genetics in Loblolly Pine – Loblolly Pine Crop HighlightsFT0001

Forestry topic information sheet details why Virginia trees are your best choice, including cooperative research efforts, advantages of our genetically improved loblolly pine, benefits of top clipping seedlings, importance of dormancy, pales weevil treatments, and details about our genetically improved seedlings available for sale. Printed copies available.

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Virginia's State and Federal Cost-Share Programs - An Overview of Landowner Programs
Virginia’s State and Federal Cost-Share Programs – An Overview of Landowner ProgramsFT0019

Forestry topic information sheet provides information about various state and federal cost-share programs for landowners.

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Walnut Thousand Cankers Disease Alert
Walnut Thousand Cankers Disease Alert

This Virginia Cooperative Extension factsheet will help detail thousand cankers disease {TCD} and what symptoms to be on the lookout for.

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Wildlife and Your Forest
Wildlife and Your ForestP00207

Brochure provides an overview of the critical relationship between forests and wildlife, the habitat required, and forest projects that benefit wildlife.

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Woodland Owner Legacy Planning Benefits and Barriers
Woodland Owner Legacy Planning Benefits and Barriers

Summary report of research about the benefits and barriers for landowners in keeping their forestland in tact.

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Your Roots are in Virginia
Your Roots are in Virginia

This poster is a pictoral representation of the history of VDOF nurseries.

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Forest Management and Health News

A Prickly Problem | Oct 5, 2022

Don’t Judge a Tree by Its Color | Aug 25, 2022

Ghosts of Forests Past | Jul 6, 2022

Deadly Jewels of Virginia Forests | Jun 9, 2022