Fall Foliage in Virginia

Virginia is diverse in landscape, from the highest mountains to the Eastern Shore. The variety in landscape and elevation provides a long fall foliage season, starting earliest in the higher elevations and moving eastward. Fall colors generally peak sometime between October 10 and October 31; however, these dates can vary from year to year, based on factors such as temperature and rainfall.

Virginia’s many species of deciduous trees create an interesting mix of autumn colors. Here are some colors you can expect from some of our most common species:

Tree Color Timing in Fall Season
Black Gum Bright red Early
Dogwood Red to maroon Early
Tulip-poplar Yellow Early
Red Maple Orange to brilliant scarlet Middle
Sugar Maple Bright orange Middle
Beech Yellow to orange Middle
Hickory Gold Middle
Oaks Deep red, amber, russet Late


General timing of fall foliage season, in years of typical rainfall and temperatures


Oct. 26, 2022 prediction map

Weekly Fall Foliage Report

November 3 —

The mountains are now shades of brown, with many bare trees, but across central and eastern Virginia, the show must go on!

The Piedmont is now dominated by deep gold as foliage begins to fade, but the deep red and umber oaks provide a nice contrast.

The main foliage spotlight has moved to eastern Virginia, where red maples, golden hickories, and jewel-toned oaks are highlighted by the ever-present green of pines.

A standout tree is eastern Virginia’s fall color palette is sweetgum. Its star-shaped leaves may be yellow, orange, red, and even deep purple, all on the same tree. Along roadsides from Richmond east, you’ll also notice groundseltree, with its billowy mounds of plumed seeds.

Oak leaves are the last holdouts for fall foliage.

Fall Foliage Resources

Fall Foliage Driving Tours

Try our VDOF-recommended Fall Foliage Driving Tours.

Why Leaves Change Color

  • Chlorophyll gives leaves their familiar green color.
  • Carotenoids produce yellow, orange, and brown colors.
  • Anthocyanins produce red and purple colors and are the same pigments that give color to fruits like blueberries and cherries.

Both chlorophyll and carotenoids are present in the leaf cells throughout the growing season. During this time, chlorophyll is produced and leaves appear green. As days get shorter, chlorophyll production slows and eventually stops. With the green color no longer visible, the yellow carotenoids are revealed. During autumn, bright light and excess plant sugars produce red anthocyanins within leaf cells.

Additional Resources

ImageTitleIDDescriptionContent Typehf:tax:document-categoryhf:tax:Media
Forest Facts: Virginia in the Fall
Forest Facts: Virginia in the FallF00009

Forest facts information sheet provides an illustrated explanation of the science of leaves changing colors, the role of pigments, effects of the calendar and weather, why these changes occur, and fall leaf identification information. Target audience: Youth – elementary age. Printed copies available.

Vieweducation public-informationpublication

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